From around 500 AD, Christianity is gradually adopted in the Frankish realm.

Through political and economic contacts the new faith becomes known in the north and gains popularity especially among women in the 9th century. The Frankish missionary endeavors in the 8th and 9th century show little success. However, from the second half of the 10th century Christianity becomes increasingly established among the upper classes, which leads to fundamental changes in cultic practice and everyday life.